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Random facts from the Pocket Guide to World History, a free iPhone Web Application.

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Brunhild. 534-613. Visigoth queen of Austrasia. Fued w Fredegund. Def by Neustria. Executed by having her hair tied to tail of wild horse.
8/25
2019
OCAS. Organization of Central American States. 1951-. For regional and economic unity. CACM. https://t.co/dLpsBMnMWKTrinity. Christian doctrine that God has single essence in 3 divine persons: Father, Son, Holy Spirit.Moore, Thomas. 1779-1852. Irish poet. Irish Melodies 1807-34. Lalla Rockh 1817. https://t.co/vybzSu9cIj
8/24
2019
Cadoudal, Georges. 1771-1804. French Royalist leader. Plotted Napoleon’s assassination. Executed.Osiris. Vegetation god who introduced civilization to Egypt. God of underworld. https://t.co/sgO7XZ0aAlDutch Wars. 1672-8. French expansionism thwarted by United Provinces. Anglo-Dutch Wars. https://t.co/P3jCXJ2mEG
8/23
2019
Merchant Adventurers. 1296-1806. English trading guild with Dutch. =Hamburg Co 1578-. https://t.co/aHgrDA3DCGYersin, Alexander. 1863-1943. Swiss/French. Developed serum for bubonic plague. https://t.co/g2pfvRDc6OGettysburg, Battle. 1863. Union victory. Turning point in Civil War. https://t.co/QT8EZqEYwZ
8/22
2019
Ptolemy XV. Caesarion. 47-30BC. Egyptian king 44-. Son of Caesar and Cleopatra. Killed by Octavian.British East Africa. 1888. Former protectorates. Kenya, Uganda, Zanzibar, Tanganyika. https://t.co/vkewd78Ru2Montgomery, Bernard. 1887-1976. British Field Marshal. Commanded Allies in France, 1944. Defeated Rommel at El Alamein 1942.
8/21
2019
Fuller, R. Buckminster. 1895-1983. US engineer/philosopher. Geodesic Dome. https://t.co/IQS1fKQc32Achilles. Greek hero of Trojan Wars, invulnerable except for his heel, subject of Homer’s Iliad.Monasticism. Seeking of spiritual perfection by living apart from society. https://t.co/joxmHRsUuU
8/20
2019
Stein, Gertrude. 1874-1946. US avante-garde writer. Autobiography of Alice B Toklas 1933. Coined “Lost Generation”.Gorgias. c400BC. Sophist. “Making the losing cause the winning one.” https://t.co/5CqXDwg5duTelegraph. 1794 France Semaphore. 1795 England Shutter. 1835 Morse. 1851 London-Paris. 1901 Transatlantic.
8/19
2019
White, Patrick. 1912-90. Australian novelist, activist. The Aunt’s Story 1948. https://t.co/xvwGxo7SgoChalgrin, J-F. Architect of Arc de Triomphe 1806; Odéon. https://t.co/wcm6UmrWbwBarbusse, Henri. 1873-1935. French writer: Le Feu (The experiences of a common soldier) 1916. https://t.co/clc8tsMoVv
8/18
2019
Rodney, George. 1718-92. British admiral. Seven Years War. American Revolution. https://t.co/6Jb8J7741wKisfaludy, Károly. 1788-1830. Hungarian national dramatist. Tatars in Hungary 1811. https://t.co/P3r7Vcf3UzCiompi, Revolt. 1378. Florence. Lower class rebellion led to democratic government. https://t.co/HiFwyWX1BB
8/17
2019
Menderes, Adnan. 1899-1961. Turkish Prime Minister 1950-60. Executed for dictatorship. https://t.co/eC8vLYggvJLong Parliament. 1640-60. Civil War parliament. Ended Charles I attempt to govern without one.Karageorge, George. 1762-1817. Serbian. Led revolt vs Turks, 1804. Murdered by Milos, starting 100 year feud.
8/16
2019
Rutebeuf. 13C French trouvère, poet. Le Dit de l’Herberie. https://t.co/5pIfM9EFD7Jutes. Germanic tribe who invaded England 5C. Established Canterbury. https://t.co/I0h4NossRnDiaghilev, Sergei. 1872-1929. Russian. Founder of Ballet Russes (Paris) 1909. https://t.co/kBLPvufd7u
8/15
2019
Taisho. 1879-1926. Japanese Emperor 1912-. Modernization, liberalism, imperialism. https://t.co/GzNTJuQQItPatel, Vallabhbhai. 1875-1950. Indian nationalist with Gandhi. https://t.co/tG7dmFV338Richter, Hans. 1843-1916. Hungarian conductor. Brahms, Wagner expert. https://t.co/qM30cPEuZf
8/14
2019
Domenico Veneziano. 1400-61. Florentine painter. St. Lucy Altarpiece c1445. https://t.co/aE1YunEXwSGestalt. 1912. Psychological school of perception as an integrated whole. https://t.co/r1tHQsSZuiRetz, Gilles de. 1404-40. French Marshal. Joan of Arc companion. Tortured, killed 140 children. Model for Bluebeard.
8/13
2019
Weather Forecasts. 1860. First regularly issued by British Admiralty Office. https://t.co/pwD83NYSRiSalomon, Haym. 1740-85. Main financial backer of American Revolution. https://t.co/a9uh3dnxbtPearson, Lester. 1897-1972. Canadian Prime Minister 1963-8. UN mediator in Palestine 1948, Suez 1956.
8/12
2019
Revivalism. 18,19C. Revival of prior periods of English architecture. Neo-Greek, Neo-Renaissance, Neo-Gothic. British Museum.Man in the Iron Mask. Anonymous Bastille prisoner 1698-1703. https://t.co/WQG6mAvs77Liturgical Movement. 19-20C Christian church modernization of liturgy. https://t.co/EPa4EoqhQa
8/11
2019
Richardson, Dorothy. 1873-1957. English stream of consciousness novelist. Pilgrimage 1915-38.Ste. Chapelle. 1246-8. Paris. Architect: Pierre de Montreuil. Built to house The Crown of Thorns. https://t.co/I52THzBnoVSihanouk, Norodom. 1922-. Cambodian king 1941-55. Abdicated for father. Prime Minister 1955-60. Head of State 1960-70.
8/10
2019
Dido. Sister of King of Tyre. Legendary founder of Carthage. https://t.co/d9475k1NygFortunatus. Hero with inexhaustible purse in 15C German lit. https://t.co/XZ5jEc9sanDiesel, Rudolph. 1858-1913. German engineer. Invented diesel engine, 1892. https://t.co/ig8b5EmTCU
8/9
2019
McCormick, Cyrus. 1809-84. US inventor of reaper 1834. Founded International Harvester. https://t.co/Csd0QGtdq3Edinburgh, Treaty. 1560. France and England withdraw from Scotland. https://t.co/ODpG8CFIo2Latin Empire of Constantinople. 1204-61. Established by 4th Crusade leaders. https://t.co/U1Bj7zMlhU
8/8
2019
Champollion, Jean. 1790-1832. French. Deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics. Rosetta Stone. https://t.co/MYvYXqLAjSThird Estate. Part of States General 1789. National Assembly. French Revolution. https://t.co/BHXkNtKWu0Torun, Treaty. 1466. Poland, Teutonic Knights. Poland regains Prussia. Knights acknowledge Polish sovereignty.
8/7
2019
Finland. 7C Finns settle, displace Lapps. 1157 Sweden. 1809 Grand Duchy of Russia. 1919 Indepependent republic.Nicholas II. 1868-1918. Last Russian Czar 1894-. Russo-Japanese War 1904. 1905 Revolution. Duma. Shot during 1917 revolution.Sévigné, Marie de. 1626-96. Author of Letters 1671 to her daughter depicting 17C France.
8/6
2019
Rimsky-Korsakov, Nicolai. 1844-1908. Russian Nationalist composer/orchestrator: Scheherezade 1888. Operas.Hostage Crisis. 1979-81. Iranian miltants sieze US Embassy. Hold 52 hostages 444 days. https://t.co/z0DAhUOsu4Nostradamus. 1503-66. French astrologer. Prophesied Napoleon and Hitler. https://t.co/Mdqhk7gawg
8/5
2019
Van de Graaff, Robert. 1901-67. US physicist. Particle accelerator 1929. High voltage generator 1932.Repartimiento. c1500-1820. Spanish-American colonists recruit Indians for forced labour. https://t.co/6pA0hevRrSPeloponnesian War. 460-445BC. Athens vs Peloponnesian League. https://t.co/P62jYhCxB2
8/4
2019
Boycott, Charles. 1832-97. English land agent boycotted in Ireland, 1879. Land League. https://t.co/le4XnjIftmZaghlul, Sa’d. 1857-1927. Egyptian Wafd leader for independence from Britain. Prime Minister 1924.Yi. 1392-1910. Korean dynasty. Isolationist to 1876. Ended by Japanese annexation. https://t.co/DLvzjkoMB0
8/3
2019
Northcliffe, Viscount. 1865-1922. English publisher. Daily Mail 1896. Daily Mirror 1903. Times 1906.Burlingame, Treaty. 1868. US/Chinese friendship. Authorized Chinese immigration to US. https://t.co/RuGVHY2pHpPendleton Civil Service Act. 1883. US creates merit based civil service system vs Spoils System.
8/2
2019
Splendid Isolation. 1895-1902. Salisbury foreign policy. British naval strength required no ally.Baroja y Nessi, Pio. 1872-1956. Basque novelist. Terse style influenced Hemingway. Somber Lives 1900. Generation of ’98.Vulgate. 405. Official Latin translation of Bible by St Jerome. First printed 1455. https://t.co/pMyVuw7aHK
8/1
2019
National Security Act. 1947. Formed US National Security Council, CIA. https://t.co/aivZ2nNIvBRurik. -879. Varangian prince, First ruler of Russia. Dynasty ruled to1598. https://t.co/IAvbqUADgqChevreuse, Duchesse de. 1600-79. Plot vs Richelieu. Important role in the Fronde. https://t.co/RFJLJrLZHZ
7/31
2019
Gowon, Yakubu. 1934-. Ruled Nigeria 1966-75. Defeated Biafra. Reunited country. https://t.co/HOkXpzVZdDRidolfi, Roberto. 1531-1612. Italian Catholic plotter vs Elizabeth I 1571. Norfolk. https://t.co/NAPiQ5zlbNFrench, Daniel. 1850-1931. US sculptor. Lincoln’s Memorial 1922. Minuteman 1875. https://t.co/6EjrCuNmYc
7/30
2019
Charles V, the Wise. 1338-80. King of France 1364-. New rampart around Paris. https://t.co/nSOAcPMeTZCelsius, Anders. 1701-44. Swedish physicist: centigrade temperature scale 1742. https://t.co/BmpIBNk9wfCommonwealth. Organized community by consent of governed. Hobbes. Locke. https://t.co/vGut1sRotJ
7/29
2019
Brut. Unrestricted style of art produced by those outside of society: insane, criminal, etc. https://t.co/HRLugjMIqGRough Riders. 1898. US volunteer cavalry in Spanish American War under Roosevelt. Won San Juan hill.Liebig, Justus von. 1808-73. German chemist. Analysis of organic compounds, 1831. Agricultural chemistry, 1841. Chloroform 1831.
7/28
2019
Chaplin, Charlie. 1889-1977. English silent film actor. First international film star: The Kid 1921. Modern Times 1936. Little Tramp.Clytemnestra. Wife and murderess of Agamemnon. Killed by her children, Orestes and Electra. https://t.co/vN19yV6AEfPreston, Battle. 1648. Cromwell defeats Charles I last forces in English Civil War. https://t.co/qD2C8TXizP
7/27
2019
Marryat, Frederick. 1792-1848. English adventure writer of energetic seafaring stories. Midshipman Easy 1836.Eastman, George. 1854-1932. US inventor of roll film and Kodak camera 1888. Bromide print 1871.Brown, John. 1800-59. US slavery abolitionist. Harper’s Ferry. Hung. https://t.co/5odwZR3PSf
7/26
2019
Warring States. 481-221BC. Chinese period of many small feuding kingdoms. https://t.co/8VXVRVuPdSMumford, Lewis. 1895-1990. US social critic. Must restore human moral values. The City in History 1961.Pinturricchio. c1454-1513. Italian religious painter. Vatican frescoes 1492. https://t.co/3v5fIna9Mt
7/25
2019
Denfert-Rochereau, Philippe. 1823-78. French Colonel in war of 1870. https://t.co/Nxsu5BWKxJGibran, Khalil. 1883-1931. Lebanese/US philosopher, writer. The Prophet 1923. https://t.co/lRbp0okastPaz, Octavio. 1914-98. Mexican poet. La estacíon violenta. Labyrinth of Solitude 1950. https://t.co/7Ksk8nCo5C
7/24
2019
Scipio Nasica Serapio. -132BC. Led mob that murdered Gracchus. https://t.co/CR3Y7koAz6Graces. Three beautiful attendants of Aphrodite. Aglaia, brightness. Euphrosyne, joy. Thalia, bloom. https://t.co/u2S3hIyJhuGoering, Hermann. 1893-1946. German WWI flying ace, Nazi Prime Minister. Gestapo. Condemned at Nuremberg. Suicide.
7/23
2019

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