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Random facts from the Pocket Guide to World History, a free iPhone Web Application.

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Tewkesbury, Battle. 1471. Yorkists regain English throne for 12 years. https://t.co/6WybFYS85aUr. 4000BC Sumerian city on Euphrates River. Mesopotamian capital 26~21C BC. https://t.co/YDkXenUxWx
9/19
2019
Petition of Rights. 1628. Accepted by Charles I, limiting British monarch’s powers. https://t.co/Jsckk92637Swithin, St. c800-862. Rain fell when his body was moved, July 15, 971. (St. Swithin’s Day). https://t.co/gaw2whA74DSpartacus. -71BC. Leader of slaves revolt against Rome 73BC. Defeated and killed by Crassus. Servile War.
9/18
2019
Legitimists. 19C French Royalist supporters of Bourbon Chambord vs Orleanists, Bonapartists. https://t.co/Jje4awtrqxChuikov, Vasily. 1900-82. Russian WWII General. Defended Stalingrad. https://t.co/3CRD24LpjmAddams, Jane. 1860-1935. US social reformer. Founded NAACP, Hull House. https://t.co/1u3mie6kzD
9/17
2019
Anne of Bretagne. 1477-1514. Wife of Charles VIII, 1491, then of Louis XII, 1499. Began union of Brittany with France.Braque, Georges. 1882-1963. French painter. Developed Cubism with Picasso. First living artist in Louvre. Man with Guitar 1911.Jezebel. -c843BC. “Wicked” wife of Ahab. Worshipped Baal. https://t.co/TiHAO5Lmsz
9/16
2019
Kalmar War. 1611-13. Denmark defeats Sweden, dominates Baltic. https://t.co/QFp3J4EwIPWoolley, Leonard. 1880-1960. English archeologist. Excavated Ur. Found evidence of Great Flood.Maurice of Nassau. 1567-1625. Prince of Orange 1618-. Dutch military leader. Fought Spanish 1590s.
9/15
2019
Thomas the Rhymer. 13C Scottish magician, prophet, and poet. https://t.co/Rb5YRDSUXjCharles I, of Anjou. 1226-85. French King of Naples and Sicily 1246-. Son of Louis VIII. Harsh rule. First Angevin.Fellow Travellers. 1917. Russian writers not actively supporting the revolution. Communist sympathizers who are not party members.
9/14
2019
Steiner, Rudolf. 1861-1925. Founded Anthroposophical Society 1912. https://t.co/nH2AgruRnAJennings, Sarah. 1660-1744. Influential Duchess of Marlborough in court of Queen Anne. https://t.co/6wTvBlDZ5oBacon, Henry. 1866-1924. US classical revival architect. Lincoln Memorial 1911. https://t.co/9ByWqfS9dF
9/13
2019
Archer, William. 1856-1924. Scottish critic, playwright. Translated Ibsen. https://t.co/wD7gjMgG8zMarshal. Highest military rank in Britain, France, Germany, Russia, China. https://t.co/ZXzvyn39DqMotte and Bailey. (Mound and enclosure). Predominant form of castle 11-12C. https://t.co/UhYh7CNIaq
9/12
2019
Gaullists. 1947-76. Supporters of DeGaulle’s programs. 1976. RPR. https://t.co/NisCEn4DabZen Buddhism. 6C-. Sect founded by Bodhidharma. Sudden Enlightenment by meditation on Koan paradoxes. 1191 imported to Japan.Pedro II. 1648-1706. King of Portugal 1683-. Treaty of Lisbon. https://t.co/8HeSO8QizF
9/11
2019
Drugs, War on. 1971-. US prohibition and criminalization of recreational drug use. World’s highest incarceration rate.Siegfried Line. 1937-40 German fortifications on western frontier = West Wall. Also, part of Hindenburg Line.Ortega y Gasset, José. 1883-1955. Spanish philosopher: Terra de Nuestra Tiempo 1923. Revolt of the Masses 1929.
9/10
2019
Zadkine, Ossip. 1890-1967. Russian/French cubist sculptor. Musicians 1924. Christ 1939. Destroyed City 1951.Academy. c387BC-529. Greek school founded by Plato dedicated to exploration of science and philosophical truth. Closed by Justinian.Machado de Assis, Joaquim. 1839-1908. Brazilian writer. Small Winner 1881. https://t.co/r9I84IZa3w
9/9
2019
Gabrieli, Giovanni. c1557-1612. Nephew of A. Wrote sacred symphonies of voice and instrument.Oppenheimer, Robert. 1904-67. US atomic scientist. Led Manhattan Project. https://t.co/I7sWz8nBWXNew Granada. 18C-1810 Spanish colony in South America: Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela. 1830-58 =Colombia.
9/8
2019
Sinan. 1489-1588. Ottoman architect. Mosque of Suleiman, Istanbul 1550-7. https://t.co/pjsZJ8mfhpLycia. Mountain district of Anatolia. 43 conquered by Rome. Xanthos. https://t.co/Q3rwCBZrzyLaing, R.D. 1927-89. British Existential psychologist. Madness as form of self-expression. https://t.co/2glElh6hSb
9/7
2019
Monier. 1823-1906. French inventor of reinforced concrete, 1867. https://t.co/YGQIz0ADyiPerceval, Spencer. 1762-1812. Only British Prime Minister assassinated in office. https://t.co/TK5VVn4MdpHutton, James. 1726-97. Scot. geologist. Uniformitarianism 1785. Defined eras 1788. https://t.co/3C0oHCtCkJ
9/6
2019
Russo-Finnish War. 1939-40. Russia gains territorial concessions. https://t.co/3YaZXletMlJamestown. 1607. First permanent English settlement in North America. https://t.co/8tZttPXDHcKruger, Paul. 1825-1904. Boer Transvaal president 1883-1900. https://t.co/C9y6MZB9o0
9/5
2019
Lincoln, Battle. 1217. Henry III defeats nobles supporting Louis VIII of France. https://t.co/CqFRIUB2RwSikhism. NW India monotheistic religion. Meditation exercises to realize God. Nanak. https://t.co/XXxPJOfj7zJulius II. 1443-1513. Pope 1503-. Joined Holy League vs France. Patron of Michelangelo, Raphael. Swiss Guards.
9/4
2019
London Naval Conference. 1930. US, Britain, France, Japan, Italy, USA agree to limit battleships to 1936.Parry, William. 1790-1855. English arctic explorer. Failed to find NW Passage. https://t.co/evYuVZiKw1Buck, Pearl S. 1892-1973. US novelist of Chinese life. Good Earth 1931. https://t.co/wbmfNi8sV4
9/3
2019
Murray, James. 1837-1915. Scottish/English editor of Oxford English Dictionary 1879-. https://t.co/2LARFqrTjEPanama Canal. 1881-1889. Begun by Lesseps- bankrupt. Completed by US 1904-14. Reed. https://t.co/moOq02IjfSLombards. Germanic people. 568 invaded Italy. 808 Jews formed banking system. 14C Commercial banks. https://t.co/LZ9iWFIbTP
9/2
2019
Wu P’ei-fu. 1873-1939. Warlord. Fought, failed to unify China 1916-26. https://t.co/ytKXVeXgvuLotus Eaters. African peoples of Odyssey who were forgetful and idle. https://t.co/4tSMv7NveOEliot, John. 1592-1632. English Puritan leader. Parliamentary liberties. https://t.co/aRlyljZpVq
9/1
2019
Enghien, Duc d’. Prince of Condé. 1772-1804. Executed for alleged plot against Napoleon.Assad, Hafiz al-. 1928-2000. Syrian President 1971-. Supports Qadaffi, PLO. Anti-Israel. https://t.co/vf4K1MeAy8Penry, John. 1559-93. Welsh Puritan executed for Marprelate Tracts. https://t.co/AqVRlSJG2M
8/31
2019
Paleologus. Byzantine dynasty 1259-1453. Ousted crusader kings. Defeated by Turks. https://t.co/jyW2uRQwUtSully, Maurice de. 1120-96. Bishop; built Notre-Dame Cathedral, 1159-. https://t.co/JYHh8Znmh6Decatur, Stephen. 1779-1820. US naval officer. -“Our country, right or wrong”. https://t.co/qMgUHHTr6j
8/30
2019
Golan Heights. 1967 Israel seizes fr Syria. 1973 UN buffer zone. 1981 Israel annexes. https://t.co/Hpg8XoY2M5Moore, George. 1852-1933. Irish novelist. Confessions of a Young Man 1888. Esther Waters 1894. https://t.co/YgqtJUa0peWagram, Battle. 1809. Napoleon defeats Austrian Archduke Charles. Znaim. Schönbrunn Treaty.
8/29
2019
Putnam. American General at Bunker Hill. “Don’t shoot until you see the whites of their eyes.”Ricci, Matteo. 1552-1610. Italian Jesuit missionary to China. https://t.co/1GFrKKuACJBarents, Willem. 1555-97. Dutch navigator, explorer for NE passage. https://t.co/IyEQNOiK7X
8/28
2019
Stern, Otto. 1888-1969. German/US physicist, anticipated atomic science. https://t.co/R0u1FUahxmRoss, James. 1800-62. Scottish discoverer of North magnetic pole 1831 with uncle John Ross. https://t.co/uYwj1YN12nDon Pacifico Affair. 1850. Britain siezes Greek ships. Causes international protest. https://t.co/WSMWBI2BA5
8/27
2019
Luckner, Felix. 1886-1966. German naval officer. Attacked commercial vessels in WWII. https://t.co/aosVuufA9eAlamo. 1836. 200 Texan rebels die in siege vs Mexican Santa Anna. Crockett. Bowie. https://t.co/9vkgnRni2jGranados, Enrique. 1867-1916. Spanish Nationalist composer. 7 Operas. Set of Tonadillas. Dances. Goyescas 1911-13.
8/26
2019
King Philip’s War. 1675-6. Bloody conflict of New England colonists vs Indians under Philip.T’ang. 618-907. Chinese dynasty. Golden Age. Overthrown by provincial warlords. https://t.co/f16m5HZMjGBrunhild. 534-613. Visigoth queen of Austrasia. Fued w Fredegund. Def by Neustria. Executed by having her hair tied to tail of wild horse.
8/25
2019
OCAS. Organization of Central American States. 1951-. For regional and economic unity. CACM. https://t.co/dLpsBMnMWKTrinity. Christian doctrine that God has single essence in 3 divine persons: Father, Son, Holy Spirit.Moore, Thomas. 1779-1852. Irish poet. Irish Melodies 1807-34. Lalla Rockh 1817. https://t.co/vybzSu9cIj
8/24
2019
Cadoudal, Georges. 1771-1804. French Royalist leader. Plotted Napoleon’s assassination. Executed.Osiris. Vegetation god who introduced civilization to Egypt. God of underworld. https://t.co/sgO7XZ0aAlDutch Wars. 1672-8. French expansionism thwarted by United Provinces. Anglo-Dutch Wars. https://t.co/P3jCXJ2mEG
8/23
2019
Merchant Adventurers. 1296-1806. English trading guild with Dutch. =Hamburg Co 1578-. https://t.co/aHgrDA3DCGYersin, Alexander. 1863-1943. Swiss/French. Developed serum for bubonic plague. https://t.co/g2pfvRDc6OGettysburg, Battle. 1863. Union victory. Turning point in Civil War. https://t.co/QT8EZqEYwZ
8/22
2019
Ptolemy XV. Caesarion. 47-30BC. Egyptian king 44-. Son of Caesar and Cleopatra. Killed by Octavian.British East Africa. 1888. Former protectorates. Kenya, Uganda, Zanzibar, Tanganyika. https://t.co/vkewd78Ru2Montgomery, Bernard. 1887-1976. British Field Marshal. Commanded Allies in France, 1944. Defeated Rommel at El Alamein 1942.
8/21
2019
Fuller, R. Buckminster. 1895-1983. US engineer/philosopher. Geodesic Dome. https://t.co/IQS1fKQc32Achilles. Greek hero of Trojan Wars, invulnerable except for his heel, subject of Homer’s Iliad.Monasticism. Seeking of spiritual perfection by living apart from society. https://t.co/joxmHRsUuU
8/20
2019
Stein, Gertrude. 1874-1946. US avante-garde writer. Autobiography of Alice B Toklas 1933. Coined “Lost Generation”.Gorgias. c400BC. Sophist. “Making the losing cause the winning one.” https://t.co/5CqXDwg5duTelegraph. 1794 France Semaphore. 1795 England Shutter. 1835 Morse. 1851 London-Paris. 1901 Transatlantic.
8/19
2019
White, Patrick. 1912-90. Australian novelist, activist. The Aunt’s Story 1948. https://t.co/xvwGxo7SgoChalgrin, J-F. Architect of Arc de Triomphe 1806; Odéon. https://t.co/wcm6UmrWbwBarbusse, Henri. 1873-1935. French writer: Le Feu (The experiences of a common soldier) 1916. https://t.co/clc8tsMoVv
8/18
2019
Rodney, George. 1718-92. British admiral. Seven Years War. American Revolution. https://t.co/6Jb8J7741wKisfaludy, Károly. 1788-1830. Hungarian national dramatist. Tatars in Hungary 1811. https://t.co/P3r7Vcf3Uz
8/17
2019

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